What is a neglected child? He is a child not planned for, not wanted. Neglect begins, therefore, before he is born. ~Pearl S. Buck~
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Nigeria Adoption Program
last updated: 08/02/17

ADOPTION PROCESS:
1. First you must apply and contract with Little Miracles.
2. Be approved and found eligible to adopt through your state through a homestudy conducted on your family, Little Miracles approving your qualifications after homestudy and USCIS approving your family as a qualified family to adopt.
3. You will then apply for adoption in Nigeria with Little Miracles handling the communication to the country. Little Miracles currently works only in Nigerian States that have approved LMI agency to work with the authority.
4. You will then be matched with a child.
5. You will adopt the child in Nigeria.
6. You will apply with USCIS to be found eligible for orphan status.
7. You will bring the child home.


FAMILIES SEEKING HAGUE HOMESTUDY AND PRIMARY PROVIDER SERVICES THAT ALREADY HAVE A COMPLETED ADOPTION PROCESS: You will need to complete all requested tasks. You will need to fill out and pay for application fee, present Little Miracles with requested documentation, and Little Miracles will evaluate your case before moving forward. You must let LMI know immediately if you have already applied for immigration and if you have received a Request for Evidence.

CHILDREN AVAILABLE: In addition to U.S. immigration requirements, Nigeria has specific requirements that a child must meet in order to be eligible for adoption:
  • Relinquishment: Adoptions of children who are allegedly relinquished by their parent, who is still living, are subject to investigation as the U.S. Consulate has found that parents in Nigeria may relinquish their children to relatives living in the United States strictly in order to afford the children the ability to immigrate to the United States.
  • Abandonment: Abandonment of a child in Nigeria is often poorly documented and may require a full investigation by the U.S. Consulate to confirm the abandonment.
  • Age of Adoptive Child: According to Nigerian law, a child must be below the age of 16 (according to the Adoption Act of 1965) or 17 (according to the Child Rights Law) in order to be adopted. The specific law governing the adoption will depend on the jurisdiction in which the adoption takes place. Important note: U.S. law requires a child to be under the age of 16 at the time the petition is filed to qualify for a U.S. immigrant visa, unless the child is the natural sibling of another child who was adopted by the same parents while under the age of 18.
  • Sibling Adoptions: There are no specific guidelines regarding adopting siblings in Nigeria.
  • Special Needs or Medical Conditions: Adoption decrees issued in Nigeria will generally specify any special needs or address the general health of the child to be adopted. The U.S. home study should match any specifications of special needs that are observed by the Nigerian court.


  • ADOPTIVE PARENTS REQUIREMENTS:
  • Residency: Nigerian law requires that a parent-child relationship be established before the court decision can be considered final. Each state determines the length of time it takes to establish the parent-child relationship, which can range from one month to two years.
  • Age of Adopting Parents: Prospective adoptive parents must be at least 25 years of age and 21 years older than the child. For married couples, at least one parent must meet the age requirements.
  • Marriage: Both single individuals and married couples may adopt. Note that a single person will not be allowed to adopt a child of the opposite sex except in extraordinary circumstances
  • Nigerian Citizenship and Residency: Only one state in Nigeria allows adoption to Non-Nigerian citizens. We do have a program in this state. All other Nigerian states the law states that non-Nigerians may not adopt in Nigeria. The exception to this would be if the adoptive father is Nigerian, the adoptive non-Nigerian mother would be considered Nigerian by Nigeria by marriage. You can be citizens of the United States but must retain your Nigerian citizenship.
  • Family Size: There is no standard set limiting the size of family you already have
  • Income: Families must prove they have financial stability and adequate income to care for an additional child. Nigeria does not have any income requirements for intercountry adoptions.
  • Previous Criminal: Though the adoption process in Nigeria does not set a criminal standard, it is assumed applicants who have criminal histories will have an explanation and a certified disposition by the court in their home study.
  • Health: No requirements except health report in the home study certifying health is sufficient to raise adopted children.


  • WAITING PERIOD OR FOSTER CARE: Prospective adoptive parents must have physical and temporary legal custody of the adoptive child for at least three consecutive months immediately prior to petitioning the court for an adoption decree. One Month is allowed in one of the regions we work in. An applicant cannot have the child reside with another family member in lieu of living with the applicant, even if a Power of Attorney is in effect. The U.S. Consulate has seen waivers issued to parents who claimed to the court that meeting this requirement was a burden.

    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROCESS: Nigerian adoption laws are complex and vary from state to state. At the national level, adoptions are regulated by the Nigerian Child Rights Law or the Adoption Act of 1965. Depending on where the adoption takes place, the specific law and regulations governing the adoption may differ.

    APPLY WITH UNITED STATES HAGUE ACCREDITED ADOPTION AGENCY FIRST AND BEGIN PROCESS: In order to adopt a child from Nigeria, you will need to meet the requirements of U.S. immigration law, your US State of residency requirements and of the Government of Nigeria.

    ** NOTE: On the Nigerian side the only legal way to do an adoption in Nigeria is to work with the respective state social welfare office (usually named the State Ministry of Women's or Family Affairs,) or through the one accredited adoption agency in Nigeria, working through a US adoption service provider. Lagos State will accept non-Nigerian families. Families must also obtain a Hague Accredited Homestudy and have begun the adoption process with a US Primary Service Provider and obtain immigration approval before moving forward with the adoption process in Nigeria. All paperwork on the child must be given to the US agency for review prior to proceeding. Prospective adoptive parents should not attempt to process their adoption through local officials who may attempt to circumvent the legal process.

    Adoption decrees must state that they are full and final in order for an immigrant visa to be issued to the child. The U.S. Consulate General in Lagos (U.S. Consulate) only issues IR3 classification immigrant visas. Prospective adoptive parents must be available to be questioned in court by the magistrate considering the adoption. Proxy adoptions are not valid in Nigeria. Adoptive parents who complete adoptions by proxy without fulfilling state requirements risk having their I-600 petitions returned to USCIS for revocation. Document and identity fraud related to adoptions is a serious concern in Nigeria. The U.S. Consulate requires that most adoptions be investigated in person in the state where the adoption took place to verify the authenticity of the information provided in the adoption decrees and I-600 petitions. For security reasons, U.S. government personnel are frequently restricted from traveling to certain parts of the country. As a result, investigations and the in-country visa application and approval process can cause adoption processing in Lagos to take six to 12 months to complete, after the initial approval of the I-600 by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS

    **Caution: Prospective adoptive parents should be aware that not all children in orphanages or children’s homes are eligible for adoption. In many countries, birth parents place their child(ren) temporarily in an orphanage or children’s home due to financial or other hardship, intending that the child return home when it becomes possible. In such cases, the birth parent(s) have not relinquished their parental rights or consented to their child(ren)’s adoption. In Nigeria, many orphanages or organizations claiming that they arrange adoptions are for-profit enterprises which operate without licensing or oversight. LMI only works with the orphanages approved by the Adoption Authority of that State. There should be no fees assessed by the orphanage that any family should pay.

    POST ADOPTION: Nigerian law has no post-adoption requirements for adoptive parents. Parents should confirm any post-adoption requirements with their legal representatives and Little Miracles. Little Miracles International will require your family to have at least one post adoption report done by your social worker at 6 months home. This will be a pre-paid report and must be done in order to close your adoption case. Some States will require more reports and you will be required to pay a deposit before bringing your child(ren) home.

    To request information on our Nigeria Adoption Program please fill out our online INFO REQUEST FORM.
     
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